Monday, 29 November, 2021

Threats to the financing of apprenticeship


The Ministry of Labor wants to cut the budgets of training centers for lack of sufficient resources to finance the increase in the number of apprenticeship contracts. Hurried and counterproductive, denounce the professional federations. Rue de Grenelle, it is said that nothing has been decided yet.

The 2018 reform completely revised the apprenticeship funding circuit.

Digital, building, craftsmen … the concern is more and more palpable within professional federations whose learning is part of the DNA. Unless there is a turnaround, the government is preparing to reduce – by 6% at least, by nearly 12% at most – the resources of apprenticeship training centers (CFA), at the risk of putting a brutal brake on this sector. of teaching by alternation yet set up as a priority of the five-year term.

The decision must be ratified during the board of directors of France competences – the regulatory body for vocational training – on December 17. It will cover all contracts signed as of July 1, 2021 and will deprive CFAs of several hundred million euros, with a marked impact for those who issue higher education degrees.

As a reminder, the law “For the freedom to choose one’s professional future” of 2018 has blown up the circuit – which has become completely opaque over time – of financing learning. The regions were taken out of the game for the benefit of the social partners, under the supervision of France competences, a body controlled by the State created on this occasion. The financing of the CFA is provided by a fraction of the employer training contribution: each time a young person signs a contract, the center receives a sum – called “Contract cost” – supposed to cover its educational and structural costs, according to a national scale per diploma, the consistency of which France competences guarantees.

Rapport Igas/Igf

The liberalization of the sector initiated by the reform coupled with a buoyant economic situation has produced its effects: the number of contracts increased by 16% in 2019, to nearly 370,000, a record (also helped by the shift in professionalization contracts, the ‘other way of alternation). Unless the second confinement reshuffles the cards, the 2020 vintage should do as well (in number of contracts) thanks to the exceptional aid from the State for the hiring of an apprentice (up to 8,000 euros).

Problem, the resources of France skills can not support such enthusiasm, as underlined by a report of the general inspectorates of finance (Igf) and social affairs (Igas). So much so that the state had to write a check for 750 million for the regulator to spend the winter. Submitted in February, this report stagnated during the first confinement before the Castex team arbitrated at the end of July: increasing the employer contribution being excluded, expenses must be cut. “Totally counterproductive precipitation driven by a purely budgetary logic and which risks putting CFAs in the red”, denounce in substance several federations surveyed by “Les Echos” who demand time to revise the contract costs.

Higher education diplomas in the sights

Concretely, the Ministry of Labor must decide between two options by December 17. The first consists in assigning to each branch an objective of reducing the “contract costs” of its CFAs by 3% per year overall for four years (ie 11.5% cumulatively), in accordance with proposal number 11 of the report. The second is harder but would hold the rope: minus 6% right away and nothing for at least two years.

Another potentially explosive arbitration with National Education and federations, such as Syntec Numérique: setting a ceiling for support for higher education diplomas, still according to the recommendations of the two inspections to rebalance learning towards lower level certifications.

Contacted, the Ministry of Labor let it be known that nothing has yet been decided. “There is no question of breaking the dynamic of learning, but it is in everyone’s interest that the system be regulated”, we know in the entourage of Elisabeth Borne.

The Ministry of Labor wants to cut the budgets of training centers for lack of sufficient resources to finance the increase in the number of apprenticeship contracts. Hurried and counterproductive, denounce the professional federations. Rue de Grenelle, it is said that nothing has been decided yet.

The 2018 reform completely revised the apprenticeship funding circuit.

Digital, building, craftsmen … the concern is more and more palpable within professional federations whose learning is part of the DNA. Unless there is a turnaround, the government is preparing to reduce – by 6% at least, by nearly 12% at most – the resources of apprenticeship training centers (CFA), at the risk of putting a brutal brake on this sector. of teaching by alternation yet set up as a priority of the five-year term.

The decision must be ratified during the board of directors of France competences – the regulatory body for vocational training – on December 17. It will cover all contracts signed as of July 1, 2021 and will deprive CFAs of several hundred million euros, with a marked impact for those who issue higher education degrees.

As a reminder, the law “For the freedom to choose one’s professional future” of 2018 has blown up the circuit – which has become completely opaque over time – of financing learning. The regions were taken out of the game for the benefit of the social partners, under the supervision of France competences, a body controlled by the State created on this occasion. The financing of the CFA is provided by a fraction of the employer training contribution: each time a young person signs a contract, the center receives a sum – called “Contract cost” – supposed to cover its educational and structural costs, according to a national scale per diploma, the consistency of which France competences guarantees.

Rapport Igas/Igf

The liberalization of the sector initiated by the reform coupled with a buoyant economic situation has produced its effects: the number of contracts increased by 16% in 2019, to nearly 370,000, a record (also helped by the shift in professionalization contracts, the ‘other way of alternation). Unless the second confinement reshuffles the cards, the 2020 vintage should do as well (in number of contracts) thanks to the exceptional aid from the State for the hiring of an apprentice (up to 8,000 euros).

Problem, the resources of France skills can not support such enthusiasm, as underlined by a report of the general inspectorates of finance (Igf) and social affairs (Igas). So much so that the state had to write a check for 750 million for the regulator to spend the winter. Submitted in February, this report stagnated during the first confinement before the Castex team arbitrated at the end of July: increasing the employer contribution being excluded, expenses must be cut. “Totally counterproductive precipitation driven by a purely budgetary logic and which risks putting CFAs in the red”, denounce in substance several federations surveyed by “Les Echos” who demand time to revise the contract costs.

Higher education diplomas in the sights

Concretely, the Ministry of Labor must decide between two options by December 17. The first consists in assigning to each branch an objective of reducing the “contract costs” of its CFAs by 3% per year overall for four years (ie 11.5% cumulatively), in accordance with proposal number 11 of the report. The second is harder but would hold the rope: minus 6% right away and nothing for at least two years.

Another potentially explosive arbitration with National Education and federations, such as Syntec Numérique: setting a ceiling for support for higher education diplomas, still according to the recommendations of the two inspections to rebalance learning towards lower level certifications.

Contacted, the Ministry of Labor let it be known that nothing has yet been decided. “There is no question of breaking the dynamic of learning, but it is in everyone’s interest that the system be regulated”, we know in the entourage of Elisabeth Borne.